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Police, ED investigate betting and lottery rackets, involvement of top politicians and bureaucrats suspected



This month has been an action-packed one for the Indian gaming industry with different state police agencies and the Enforcement Directorate (ED) probing two different and unconnected scams: the illegal cricket betting racket and the underground lottery trade. Raids have been conducted in various locations across the country from Jammu & Kashmir to Karnataka.

It all started with the ED raiding a Vadodara -based bookie in March for using offshore websites like for money-laundering. The ED followed it up with a series of raids across Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana, Delhi and Jammu & Kashmir this month. It now seems that the total quantum of the betting scam would be in excess of Rs. 4,000 crores. ED alleges that the money collected by the bookies is sent to Dawood Ibrahim, his brother Anees Ibrahim and underworld gangs through hawala channels, thus making this a national security issue.

ED has summoned various prominent bookies including Mumbai-based Anil Jaisighani who is said to enjoy political patronage and has police security cover. It may be noted that ED probes contraventions under the Prevention of Money Laundering and Foreign Exchange Management (FEMA) Acts. Under the Money Laundering Act, assisting or using funds obtained through proceeds of certain types of criminal offences is illegal and a punishable offence. Under FEMA rules, remittance of funds abroad for the purpose of gaming, betting or hobbies is an offence.

However, a recent report in a Hindi daily claims that telephone recordings in possession with the ED have shown involvement of senior politicians and bureaucrats in the betting rackets which is controlled by Anees Ibrahim, brother of most-wanted gangster Dawood Ibrahim. The report further claims that diamonds and other precious stones are like ‘circular trading’ and the betting racket is not restricted to India but links of the bookies extend to Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Malaysia, UAE, UK, USA, Pakistan and other countries.

Meanwhile the Karnataka police claims to have unearthed a Rs. 100 crore lottery scam in the state with the arrest of lottery kingpin Pari Rajan and suspension of senior IPS officer Alok Kumar for his involvement in the scam. It is alleged that Rajan, a former lottery agent continued operating single digit lottery illegally after lotteries were banned by the state in 2007. Opposition has now demanded a CBI probe into the matter since the investigations have spread to other Southern states and the involvement of Coimbatore based lottery distributor Santiago Martin (who is already booked for a multi-crore lottery scam and is being probed by the CBI) is being alleged.

It seems that the serious of scams and problems relating to gambling and black money is only due to the hypocrisy of the political class. None of these investigations would have been necessary if betting and lottery was legal and if the trade was carried out in a legitimate fashion. In Karnataka, the racket was started by a former lottery agent who was deprived of his livelihood due to on lotteries. His trade flourished because of people’s uncontrollable desire to gamble. Similarly, if betting was legal and legitimate operators were allowed, the probe into black money being chanelled abroad by bookies through hawala operators would not have been necessary.

Jay has researched extensively on gaming laws and has been cited by various media houses and journals as an expert. He has helped leading newspapers in their stories on gaming laws. Jay completed his B.A. LL.B. (Hons.) degree from NUJS, Kolkata in 2015 and is currently based out of Mumbai.



  1. Ray

    June 19, 2015 at 4:20 pm


    If gambling is not explicitly mentioned in the Schedule of offences under the PMLA, the how is it that the ED is going ahead with arrests of bookies?

    Looking forward to your response.


    • Jay Sayta

      June 19, 2015 at 4:38 pm

      There are several compliances under the PMLA for amounts above a certain threshold. Further action can be taken if money from ‘proceeds of a crime’ of Scheduled offences is used for illegal betting. Perhaps I will do a full post on the PMLA Act and gambling sometime soon.

  2. Guest

    June 24, 2015 at 12:36 pm

    They invoked pmla as funds were transferred to betfair via hawala transactions to Dubai and Pakistan . Also may be because the charge sheet had booked them under various sections of ipc which is covered under the list of scheduled offenses of pmla.

  3. hatty

    February 1, 2016 at 11:36 pm

    Hi Jay,

    If I play international lottery online like US powerball, UK lotto etc and if I win a lottery amount then:

    1. Is this legal?
    2. What are the tax procedures?

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